Eye Exams for Children

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Why? How soon? and How Often?

Children’s vision problems are common — probably more common than your patients think. Researchers say up to 10 percent of preschoolers and up to 25 percent of school-age children have vision disorders, and many of these problems can affect learning. Unfortunately, many children’s vision problems don’t have obvious signs and symptoms and aren’t detected in school vision screenings. The only way to know for sure if children have the visual skills they need in school is to make sure they have routine comprehensive eye exams performed by an optometrist or ophthalmologist. This makes routine outreach to your patient base (like appointment reminders) so important – especially during the back to school season.

Share this information to help educate your patients on the importance of routine eye care:

Q: Why Children’s Eye Exams Are So Important?

A: Early childhood eye exams are essential to ensure normal visual development and confirm there are no vision problems that might affect academic performance when a child reaches school age. Experts say roughly 80 percent of what a child learns prior to age 13 is presented visually, so it’s not surprising that good vision is necessary for optimal learning. And, given that even preschoolers these days routinely use computers and portable electronic devices, it’s reasonable to assume that detecting vision problems early is more important than ever. Pay close attention to children’s eyes beginning in infancy. Some children are born with eye alignment problems — called strabismus — that can cause incomplete visual development (amblyopia or “lazy eye”). If not detected and treated early, strabismus and amblyopia can cause permanent visual disability.


Roughly 80 percent of what a child learns prior to age 13 is presented visually, so it’s not surprising that good vision is necessary for optimal learning.


Some cases of strabismus are obvious, with one eye being noticeably “crossed” (turned inward) or “wall-eyed” (turned outward). If you suspect your infant has misaligned eyes, be sure to mention this to your pediatrician during routine wellness visits. To completely rule out strabismus, amblyopia and other vision problems, however, take your child to an eye doctor. Many infants and toddlers are affected by common refractive errors such as farsightedness and astigmatism, which can cause eye strain, headaches, blurred vision and avoidance of reading. These vision problems pose a greater risk for learning problems than strabismus. The most common children’s vision problem is myopia (nearsightedness). Though myopia typically doesn’t affect reading, it causes blurred distance vision.

Q: When should my child have their first eye exam?

A: The American Optometric Association (AOA) recommends children have their first eye exam at six months of age. Though the scope of this exam is not as extensive as the comprehensive exams older children and adults receive, the eye doctor will perform tests to make sure your child’s eyes are healthy and that there are no problems that might interfere with normal visual development.

The American Optometry Association (AOA) recommends that children receive their first eye exam at 6 months of age.


Q: How often should I bring my child in for exams?

A: Throughout the School Years According to the AOA, a child’s next eye exams should take place:

  • At age 3
  • Prior to kindergarten or first grade (age 5-6)
  • Every 1-2 years thereafter

Children who are diagnosed with vision problems and prescribed corrective eyewear should have annual eye exams, especially if they wear contact lenses. If your child has special risk factors for eye problems, the eye doctor might recommend more frequent exams.


drive appointments through Online outreach

Get your free infographics to post on your business’ social media channel!

The months leading up to a new school year are busy ones for parents. Using your social media channels to spread the word is one way to make sure eye exams make it on their back to school checklist! Download our Back To School Social Media Kit and get content to share with your followers.

What the kit includes:

  • 4 web-ready images
  • 4 social media posts
  • Ideas and tips to customize your posts

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